2022 Minimum Required Distributions

Q: When must distributions from my 403(b) that are required by law begin?

A: Generally, you are required to begin in the year you reach age 72 or retire, whichever is later. That first year’s distribution may be delayed until April 1 of the following year. A required distribution also must be taken by December 31 for each calendar year after reaching age 72. Participants who reach age 72 or retire in 2022 have until April 1, 2023, to take their 2022 distribution, and until December 31, 2023, to take their 2023 distribution. If the amount distributed is less than the minimum amount required by law, any excess accumulation may be subject to a tax penalty.

Q: What are the income tax consequences?

A: Amounts distributed from your Nazarene 403(b) account must be reported as ordinary income to the Internal Revenue Service, and to you on Form 1099-R. Form 1099-R will be mailed in January of each year. As a Nazarene minister, your 403(b) withdrawals may be designated as housing allowance. As such, they may be withdrawn tax free to the extent allowed by law. If distributions are reportable as income, it will be for the year in which they are received.

Q: What life expectancy factors may be used in calculating the required minimum amount?

A: The IRS Uniform Lifetime Table (ULT) provides for participants to use a uniform distribution period for all participants of the same age. The ULT may be used regardless of whom your beneficiary is, or even whether or not there is a designated beneficiary. You may still elect to use the joint life expectancy factor, which requires your spouse to be your designated beneficiary. This method would be to your advantage if your spouse is 10 or more years younger than you.

Q: Who can be my primary beneficiary for required minimum distribution purposes?

A: Under current rules, there is no need to designate a beneficiary by the required beginning date (age 72). Furthermore, changes in the beneficiary after the required beginning date have no impact on the applicable life expectancy factor you use (unless your beneficiary is your spouse who is 10 or more years younger). You may change your beneficiary as often as you like.

Q: What happens to my account should I die after my required beginning date?

A: When a participant dies, the relevant designated beneficiary for post-death minimum distributions is determined as of the end of the calendar year following the year in which your death occurs. For years after a participant’s death, the distribution period is generally the remaining life expectancy of the designated beneficiary. The beneficiary’s life expectancy is calculated using the age of the beneficiary in the year following the year of the participant’s death, reduced by one for each subsequent year. This means beneficiaries may now take their withdrawals based on their own life expectancy.

Q: How do I calculate my required minimum distribution under the new rules?

A: Individuals using the ULT are able to determine their required minimum distribution for each year based on nothing more than their current age and account balance as of the end of the prior year. If the participant’s sole beneficiary is his or her spouse, and the spouse is more than 10 years younger, the participant is permitted to use the longer distribution period measured by the joint life expectancy factor.

Q: Is there a simple way to satisfy the IRS MRD requirements?

A: Yes. You may complete this form (www.pbusa.org/resources/forms/retirement/403b_minimum_ required_distribution_form) return it to us, and Fidelity Investments will automatically calculate and distribute your MRD according to your wishes every year. If you need more assistance, you may also contact Pensions and Benefits directly at 888-888-4656 or pensions@nazarene.org

Additional factors are available in IRS Publication 590 at www.irs.gov.

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2022 Minimum Required Distributions FAQ